A web page or application is usually created using the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). The element contains predefined elements and tags for labeling content pieces and describing the structure of pages.

HTML5 is currently the last major version of HTML. The difference between HTML and HTML5 will be discussed and HTML5’s advantages for developers and users.

We will answer the most frequently asked questions about HTML5 and provide a HTML5 cheat sheet to make the learning process easier. Here we go!

Introduction of HTML

The World Wide Web (WWW) is primarily written in HTML. Developers create text, hyperlinks, and multimedia files for web pages using it.

The latest version of HTML is HTML 5.2, upgraded in 2017. HTML uses various tags to define text structures, including headings, tables, and paragraphs. Each tag is defined using the <A> and </A> formula. The tags are called “opening” and “closing”, respectively.

For example, we might use <i>type your text here</i> to change the text style to italic. The browser uses these tags to render the content and then display it.

HTML, however, is a static language, so dynamic and interactive features of web pages cannot be created with it. In this case, only the static elements of a web page are changed, such as the content header, the footer, and the image positioning. Therefore, HTML should be combined with two front-end languages: CSS and JavaScript, if you want to create an interactive website.

html5
html5

Differences Between HTML and HTML5

Features      Html  Html5

  • Definition

The most common language for developing web pages is HTML (hypertext markup language).

The HTML5 version of HTML has new capabilities with a markup language and Internet technologies.

  • Multimedia support

The HTML language does not have video or audio support.

However, HTML5 does support audio and video.

  • Storage

HTML browsers use cache memory for temporary storage.

The HTML5 standard has several storage options, including application caching, SQL databases, and web storage.

  • Browser compatibility

Almost no browsers cannot display HTML content because HTML has been around for so long, and the browsers have adapted to handle all its features.

There are a number of new tags and elements in HTML5, and some tags have been removed or modified, which means some browsers are not fully compatible.

  • Graphics support

Vector graphics can be created with HTML tools such as Adobe Flash, Silverlight, VML, etc.

Default support for vector graphics is provided in HTML5.

  • Threading

JavaScript and the browser interface run in the same thread in HTML.

The HTML5 has a JavaScript Web Worker API, enabling multiple threads to run on the browser interface.

  • Storage

Cookies are used to store data.

Stores data locally instead of in cookies

  • Vector and Graphics

Vector graphics are possible with technologies such as VML, Silverlight, Flash, etc.

HTML5, SVG, and canvas support vector graphics.

  • Shapes

It is not possible to create shapes like circles, rectangles, triangles.

We can draw shapes like circles, rectangles, triangles.

  • Doc type

Doctype declaration in html is too long<! DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC “- // W3C // DTD HTML 4.01 // EN” “http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd”>

The DOCTYPE declaration in html5 is very simple “<! DOCTYPE html>

  • Character Encoding

Character encoding in HTML is too long.<! DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC “- // W3C // DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional // EN”>

Character encoding declaration is simple <meta charset = “UTF-8”>

  • Multimedia support

Audio and video are not the part of HTML4.

Audio and video are essential parts of HTML5,like: <Audio>, <Video>.

  • Vector Graphics

HTML 4 supports vector graphics via VML, Silverlight, and Flash techniques. HTML5 makes use of cookies.

HTML5 makes use of vector graphics through SVG and canvas. It also provides local storage in place of cookies.

  • Shapes

The drawing of circles, rectangles, and triangles are not possible.

Using HTML5, you can draw shapes such as circles, rectangles, and triangles.

  • Browser Support

All older browsers are supported.

There is a new browser that supports this.